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Eyeliner Tattoo Removal: Case Report
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 1999,40:999-1001 Judy K. Chiang,
MD, Sidney Barsky, MD, and Darryl M. Bronson, MD Chicago, Illinois
This article reports a case in
which tretinoin* was used successfully in the removal of an eyelid
tattoo. A 31-year-old Hispanic woman underwent eyeliner tattooing
by a cosmetician at a beauty salon. Eyelid margins were cleaned
with isopropyl alcohol. Topical lidocaine (10 mg/dose) was applied
with a cotton-tipped applicator to the eyelid margins. Black ferrous oxide
(Meicha) was implanted with a triple pronged needle
see (Fig 1).
At the end of the procedure, eyelid
margins were cleansed with saline solution. Five hours after
tattoo placement, the patient arrived at our clinic for removal
of her eyelid tattoo. After being informed that this procedure
was not performed at our institution, she left with just a refill
of tretinoin 0.025% cream for her acne. Within 24 hours of the tattooing,
the patient began applying tretinoin cream 4 times a day with a cotton-tipped
applicator to her upper eyelids in the region of the tattoo. She then applied
petroleum jelly to the distal rim of her eyelids to protect her eyes. On
postoperative Days 4 and 5, the patient noticed swelling, tenderness, and
erythema in the area. By postoperative day 6,
the patient's tattoo had been effectively removed. No scarring or residual
pigmentation was noted. On postoperative day 7, the patient returned to our
clinic to report her success see (Fig 2.).
EDITORIAL COMMENT: This
article reports a case in which tretinoin* was used successfully
in the removal of a fresh eyelid tattoo. Tretinoin is retinoic
acid, from Vitamin A, is best known as Retin-A´®. Shown to increase collagen production in
the dermis, it is prescribed for its "anti-wrinkle" benefits
in aging skin and/or acne treatment. Anyone who is familiar with
Retin-A® knows that the skin commonly becomes red, irritated,
dry, thin and extremely sensitive to sun exposure. Retin-A® is
available by a doctor's prescription at any drugstore. It is
available in a cream or gel. This article utilizes a 0.025% strength
of tretinoin in a cream.
1. When anticipating a procedure in which it is desired to remove
color, one strategy would be to have your client obtain a doctor's
prescription for Retin-A®.
2. Have the client come in and, after a photograph, apply topical anesthetic
to area. When ready, use "dry needles" over area.
3. Apply a little Retin-A® cream to area and instruct her to do so
4 times/day for 5 days.
4. WARNING: Tell your client that she should expect swelling, tenderness and
redness during the first week. KEEP OUT OF EYES! See her consulting physician
if any complications.
5. Schedule a return appointment in seven days to see and photograph your client.
Note: This client's eyeliner was done within 24 hours of starting Tretinoin
0.025%. Also, the mini-foam applicator is good to use to apply the tretinoin
safely." My approach will be to "open" the skin on my patients with dry needles
(eyeliner) and microdermabrasion (brows). I'll then have them apply the Retin-A
Q.I.D.x 5-6 days. I'll monitor them and have good photographs before and after.
The thought occurs to me that a lot of color is lost normally
during the healing process- especially with iron oxide pigments.
Not so with carbon black inks that are used for eyeliner (India
Ink, Peliken Ink, Talens Ink). So there are many considerations
in this case. Lastly, of potential importance, is the thought
that color retention can be affected adversely or positively
during the healing process by the tissue environment (pH, inflammation,
infection). Improved wound healing makes for better color retention.
Dr. Linda Dixon